August 1, 2017
The availability of jobs that employ mostly men versus women has changed dramatically between 2005 and 2014 depending on how much education is required. When jobs are sorted by the workers’ average level of education, jobs that employ mostly men who are less educated have declined, such as metalworkers and carpenters. In contrast, jobs that tend to employ less educated women have become more abundant. Many of these jobs require a personal touch, such as manicurists, pedicurists, hair stylists, and personal care aides. Jobs requiring mid-levels of education hollowed out for all occupations.
For more on employment trends see “The US Needs to Invest in Minds, Not Miners” by Caroline Freund and Christine McDaniel, from which this chart was adapted.
Authored and published by the contributors at the Peterson Institute: https://piie.com/research/piie-charts/job-opportunities-have-declined-less-educated-men-expanded-less-educated-women